Plastic shopping bags, plastic straws, plastic tableware, hotel and hotel disposable plastic products, plastic packaging bags, woven bags, tapes... These plastic products that are widely used in daily life will all face bans and restrictions on their use. Recently, ten departments including the Shanghai Development and Reform Commission and the Municipal Ecological Environment Bureau jointly issued the "Shanghai Implementation Plan on Further Strengthening the Treatment of Plastic Pollution." This morning, the city held a news briefing to introduce the content of the "implementation plan".
Three years later, a plastic pollution co-governance system will be formed.
With the rapid development of emerging businesses such as e-commerce, express delivery, and food delivery, the consumption of plastic products, especially disposable plastic products, continues to rise. In 2019, my country produced about 63 million tons of waste plastics, accounting for about one-fifth of the world, and is the world's largest consumer of plastics. As a super large city, Shanghai has a large population and a large amount of plastics.
The "Implementation Plan" is based on the actual situation in Shanghai, and in accordance with the general idea of "banning one batch, replacing one batch, and standardizing one batch", it emphasizes the reduction, recycling, recycling and environmental protection of plastic products from the production, circulation, and environmental protection. The whole process and links of use, recycling, and disposal clearly put forward phased goals and systematic governance requirements and task measures.
The "Implementation Plan" puts forward a phased goal for plastic pollution control: By 2020, take the lead in banning and restricting the production, sales and use of some plastic products in key areas such as catering, hotels, hotels, postal express, and basically achieving zero plastic waste. Landfill: By 2021, the consumption of disposable plastic products in the city will be significantly reduced, alternative products will be effectively promoted, and the proportion of plastic waste recycling and energy utilization will be greatly increased; by 2022, zero plastic waste will be landfilled; by 2023 In 2015, the city's management system for the production, circulation, consumption, recycling and disposal of plastic products was basically established. A multi-government system led by the government, corporate entities, and participation by the whole people was basically formed, and plastic pollution was effectively controlled.
Disposable plastic bags and tableware are banned.
The "Implementation Plan" has made clear restrictions on the daily use of plastic products.
The reporter saw that there are several main requirements for plastic shopping bags: By the end of 2020, the use of disposable plastic shopping bags in shopping malls, supermarkets, pharmacies, bookstores, and various exhibitions throughout the city is prohibited; food packaging and takeaway services are prohibited. Use non-degradable plastic shopping bags; market regulations and restrictions on the use of disposable plastic shopping bags. By the end of 2023, the use of disposable plastic shopping bags in the bazaar will be banned.
Among them, plastic shopping bags refer to plastic bags used to contain and carry items, and do not include plastic pre-packaged bags, roll-to-roll bags, and plastic bags used to contain bulk fresh food, cooked food, pasta and other commodities for hygiene and food safety purposes. Fresh-keeping bags, etc.
Regarding disposable plastic tableware, the main requirement is: By the end of 2020, non-degradable disposable plastic tableware is prohibited for catering services. By the end of 2025, the consumption intensity of non-degradable disposable plastic tableware in the catering takeaway sector in the city will drop by more than 30%. Among them, non-degradable disposable plastic tableware refers to non-degradable disposable plastic knives, forks, and spoons, excluding disposable plastic tableware used for pre-packaged food.
In addition, by the end of 2021, postal express outlets in the city will first prohibit the use of non-degradable plastic packaging bags, disposable plastic woven bags, etc., and the use of non-degradable plastic tape will drop by 40%. By the end of 2023, non-degradable plastic tapes will be banned in all postal express outlets in the city.
Promote and apply alternative products and models.
If there is a blockage, there is also a sparse. The "Implementation Plan" proposes to promote the application of alternative products and models to truly implement the plastic pollution control work.
In terms of sorting and recycling, we encourage places where conditions permit to further refine the "blue barrels" of recyclables and increase the recycling rate of waste plastics. Promote multi-party cooperation among e-commerce takeaway platforms, environmental sanitation departments, and recycling companies, and put plastic packaging recycling facilities in key areas where express takeaways are concentrated. Establish and improve the recycling system of waste agricultural film and yellow board, and basically realize the full recovery of waste agricultural film and yellow board by the end of 2023.
In terms of resource utilization, promote the resource utilization of plastic waste, combine with the actual situation in Shanghai, increase policy support, cultivate plastic waste resource utilization projects and enterprises, and increase the use of polystyrene (PS), polypropylene (PP), and polystyrene (PP). The level of resource utilization of plastic waste such as ethylene (PE).
The implementation of the "Implementation Plan" will inevitably affect the convenience of residents'lives. It was proposed at the meeting that the general public is expected to cooperate vigorously. For example, develop the good habit of bringing your own shopping bags when purchasing goods, minimize the use of disposable plastic straws and tableware when dining in restaurants, and actively check the "No tableware" option when ordering food. When mailing express delivery, try to use "slimming tape" to avoid excessive packaging, and sort plastic products when throwing away garbage.
Post time: Dec-01-2021